Escaping phylloxera in the 19th century the region enjoyed a boom as winemakers traveled south from the devastated France. Unfortunately, ungrafted vines continued to be grown here until a recent spread of phylloxera in the late 1980’s lead to a fresh start for many growers. Most affected growers planted Monsatrell, Syrah and Merlot. The Denominacion of Origin was created in 1996.
Climate: The region is dominated by a continental climate with the possibilities of extreme heat in the summer with temperatures exceeding 100 Fahrenheit.
Soil: Red-brown top soils over limestone.
Grape Varities: Grape growing is strictly controlled through allowable fruiting buds per plant based on density of planting as well as maximum extraction of juice versus weight of the grapes. Important varietals include, Monastrell, Garnacha, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah.