Penedes has long been known as an innovative region for both its early adoption of temperature control and stainless steel in the winery as well as the planting of international grape varieties. This trend continued with the first organic vineyard in Spain being registered in Penedes.
Climate: The climate ranges broadly as there are three subzones, Low, Medium, and High Penedes with elevations ranging from sea level to 2,600 feet.
Soil: The soils also vary with subzone with sand predominating in the Low zones, and clay and chalk in the medium and upper zones.
Grape Varities: There are over 120 recognized, distinct varieties planted in Penedes. The principal red grapes include: Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Garnacha Tinta, Cariñena, Monastrell and Merlot. The principal white grapes include: Macabeo, Xarel’lo, Parellada, and Chardonnay. There are experimental plantings of other international grapes including some aromatic whites. Plantings of grapes vary with the subzone of Penedes, with Garnacha and Monastrell planted in the low Penedes; Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cava Grapes in the Middle zone; finally, aromatic white grapes in the High zone.