Bullas has existed since Roman times, with its apogee during the Muslim rule of the 12th Century. After conquest by Christians, agriculture and wine production flourished. Wine became commercially important in the 1980’s and with a turn to focusing on quality, the D.O. was established in 1994. Bullas is the youngest D.O. in Murcia (southeastern Spain). There are currently 10 wineries recognized by the consejo regulador of Bullas.
Climate: Temperatures range from over 100 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer to the lower twenties in the winter. The area receives only about 12 inches of rain a year compared to Washington D.C. nearly 40 inch average. Vineyards are planted from as little as 400 meters to over 800 meters in elevation, so a vineyard site can have a dramatic influence on the character of a finished wine, with higher elevation wines showing more freshness and focus of flavors.
Soil: Soils in Bullas tend to be dense and brown with ample limestone or chalk. They often need to be mechanically broken before vines can be planted.
Grape Varities: Monastrell accounts for more than 90% of plantings. As a young D.O. there is much experimentation with new plantings of Syrah, Merlot, and Riesling among others. Yields average around 15 hectoliters/hectare roughly equivalent to 1.5 tons/acre; small enough to be nearly uneconomical in the U.S.