Though the first records of winemaking in Navarra date back to Roman until recently the region was recognized mainly for its traditional rosés. Extending from the central Pyrenees to the Ebro Valley with the vineyards located in the south this region has, within the past 30 years, become known as one of Spain’s most experienced winemaking regions. This progression is due mainly to the work of the Navarra Viticulture and Oenological Research Station, which undertakes research and training in the areas of viticulture and winemaking.
Climate: Navarra has a continental climate with extreme contrasts in temperature. The northern and central subzones have Atlantic influences while the southern part of the D.O. see its climate influence by the rivers. The average yearly rainfall is 25 inches.
Soil: Primarily brown-limestone soils over soft top soils with slight amounts of clay and organic material.
Grape Varities: The traditional Spanish varieties Garnacha and Tempranillo account for a majority of plantings. Other red varieties allowed are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Graciano and Mazuelo. Varieties for white wines include Viura, Chardonnay and Garnacha Blanca. In most of the vineyards the vines are espalier-trained and the doble cordon pruning method is utilized. Vine density is over 2,400 vines per hectare. Harvest begins in the first two weeks of September and continues through the beginning of October.