Archaeologists have suggested that vines appear to have been planted in this regions as early as the 5th Century BC, probably by the Phoenicians. This history of viticulture was followed by the Romans and later the Benedictines. The wine growing regions of France just to the north were once included in the Catalan-Aragonese empire.
Climate: The climate is moderate and rainy seemingly neither as hot and humid as the Atlantic nor warm and dry as the Mediterranean. Summers are long and dry. The climatological element that characterizes our region is the wind: the tramontana (which can blow at 70+ miles per hour). This wind originates in the south of France and when channeled through the Pyrenees is cold, dry and violent, typically lasting 2-3 days. The frequency of the tramuntana is one of the causes that explain the relatively low rainfall of the Ampurdán. While the wind causes challenges for growing, it also helps reduce disease pressures.
Soil: The vineyards are planted on granitic soils with elements of quartz, feldspar and mica. Poor in organic content the soils are pale in color and are not significantly decomposed from the base rocks, some of which are volcanic in origin.
Grape Varities: Traditional grapes for the region include Macabeo and Garnacha Blanca for whites and Garnacha and Cariñena for reds. More recently experimental plantings of other Catalan grapes such as Xarel-lo as well as international grapes have come online. These vineyards are more likely to show distinct differences in pruning, training and rootstock selection in an attempt to find the best combinations for the region.