While winemaking was started by the Romans in this area of Spain, its development as a region known for mining and industry precluded major growth of the wine industry. Denominacion of Origin was granted in 1988. The late 1990's saw a bloom of interest in the wines of Bierzo on the international stage.
Climate: This is a cool growing region with summer temperatures averaging 75 and winter temperatures 39. The region averages a bit over 28 inches of rain a year.
Soil: Soils are based on geography and elevation with the majority of this region actually the valley between two major mountain chains. Most vineyards are planted between 1,500 and 3,200 feet elevation. The majority of soils are mixed slate and alluvial. There are also some sandy and granitic soils in the area.
Grape Varities: Mencia (red) and Godello (white) are the main grapes of the region.